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Chalazions

A chalazion is a small, non-infectious lump that develops in the upper or lower eyelid due to the blockage of the meibomian gland, an oil gland in the eyelid. The meibomian gland produces fluid that lubricates the eye. Chalazions more commonly affect adults between the ages of 30 to 50.

Causes of Chalazion

A chalazion is a small, non-infectious lump that develops in the upper or lower eyelid due to the blockage of the meibomian gland, an oil gland in the eyelid. The meibomian gland produces fluid that lubricates the eye. Chalazions more commonly affect adults between the ages of 30 to 50.

Symptoms of Chalazion

  • A bump or lump in the upper or lower eyelid
  • Tenderness of the eyelid
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Excessive tearing
  • Blurry vision
  • Blepharitis
  • Astigmatism

Treatment of Chalazion

Chalazion usually resolve on their own, over the course of time. It can take a few months before they disappear. To treat a chalazion, the following options are available:

  • Warm compresses applied four times a day for 10 to 15 minutes each time
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Steroid injection
  • Surgical drainage

While older children and adults may undergo the surgical drainage procedure in a doctor's office under local anesthesia, general anesthesia is usually recommended for a chalazion removal in young children. If a chalazion recurs in the same place, a tissue biopsy may be conducted in order to rule out a more serious issue.

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